Spanish sentences are constructed in a very different manner than in English. If you learn just verb conjugation and vocabulary, you will have come a long way. To communicate effectively, you really need to spend some time with the rules of construction.
A few examples of how Spanish differs from English are:
- In most cases, the adjective goes after the noun - un perro grande, where grande is the adjective describing the size of the dog.
- The indirect object pronoun goes before the verb Yo le doy el regalo, where le means "to him" - I am giving the gift to him.
- You are not required to add the subject pronoun before the verb, it is implied by the tense of the verb and the content of the sentence. Voy a caminar a la tienda, I am walking to the store. Voy is the verb for the subject pronoun "yo". Having "yo" is not required, though you can add it if you wish, or if it is needed for clarity.
There are many, many other rules to learn. It can seem overwhelming, but if you listen to Spanish speakers in person, on television and on the internet, you will start to recognize the patterns and you will become more comfortable with the rules.
Below is a list of articles that focus on different parts of Spanish grammar.